Monthly e-Stamp Bulletin edited and published by Jeevan Jyoti from Dehradun.

Wednesday, February 28, 2018

Rainbow March 2018

Frozen Treats

USPS will issue 10 colorful stamps this year on Frozen Treats featuring frosty, colorful icy pops on a stick. The tasty, sweet confections come in a variety of shapes and flavors.

Dehradun March 2018 Vol XI Issue No 123
Readers are requested to send reports of philatelic activities in their area for publication. Short write ups by the readers about their journals, societies, publications and philatelic requirements can be sent for inclusion in this bulletin to the editor: 

Note- This bulletin is only for circulation among a limited group of philatelists without any commercial purpose. The bulletin will be sent to the readers only on request. Those who wish to receive it regularly please reply giving the name of your city / country with the subject SUBSCRIBE RAINBOW

Happy Holi !

Dear Reader,

With March 2018 issue of Rainbow, I wish you all a very Happy and colorful Holi. Let’s all spread the colour of fraternity among whole philatelic community. Have a great time in this beautiful festival of colors. India Post is issuing a large number of stamps per year on a variety of subjects in high denomination. It is nice that it is covering many themes and subjects but the quality of stamps could never be maintained if the number of issues is very high. Few stamp issues with fine quality of printing and paper are always good. Many collectors have stopped collecting all Indian annual stamp issues and have started collecting only specific stamps. It is only because of the high increase in the number of stamp issues. The number of stamp issues per year must be restricted by India Post. This will encourage Indian philatelists as well as global collectors to collect more Indian Stamps.

This is all for this month. More in next Issue  !

Happy Holi & Happy Collecting!


§  From the Desk of Naresh Agrawal
§  Recent Indian Issues
§  In The News
§  Doon Philatelic Diary
§  Beginners’ Section
§  Specialized Section 
§  New Issues from Other Countries
§  Philatelic Clubs and Society
§  Blogs & Websites on Philately
§  Current Philatelic Magazines – Newsletter

Funding to philatelic societies for promotion of philately

In one of the mail to the editor of this esteemed Rainbow Stamp News forwarded to me for my interest, shows the  serious concern on funding for various stamps exhibitions by the respective governments. In the mail the person writes “I read with interest various comments on the above issue. Now a days, various Postal authorities are not organizing Philatelic Exhibitions, they just give grants, while expenditures are going up, specially rent of Exhibition Halls. But in China all expenses of Philatelists are born by the Govt. of China, it is not the isolated case. In Nepal their Federation gets annual grant from the Govt.. while in India we don`t get anything from India Post/Govt.”

In India, government does not share or grant any fund to any of the private or recognized society, if any for organizing any philatelic exhibition. Through several million of rupees are spent every year for organizing various level exhibitions all over India. The quality of exhibitions is never up to the mark in comparison to the money spent. I think Indian government should also think on these lines. Let’s discuss the various pros and cons of such funding.

First of all I truly appreciate the fund, Indian govt. spends on promotion of philately by way of organizing exhibitions all through India throughout the year. I don’t know the real figures of money being spent on these but I understand ,It must be in few millions, if not over crore of rupee. But if I assess the outcome of this exercise, it forces me to think that it is time that the higher ups such as Director Philately and CPMGs need to re-think their philatelic promotional strategies. Genuinely, I don’t find any appreciable  promotion in comparison to the money spent. Huge amount is spent just for booking halls, attending guests, inaugural and closing functions, transport, hospitality and very costly gifts, memento and awards etc..  Not to comment on how the money is spent, I just want to say that this huge amount can be spent in different way to get better outcome and better promotion of philately.

Change is the law of nature. Change in any field must be appreciated. In India there are several philatelic societies. Some are big and some are small. Some are old and some are new. Some are prospering / growing and some are dying. But each and every one is doing every bit of them to promote philately at their level. These societies have given various renowned philatelists. These societies / clubs  are the trees where philatelists are born, nourished and  grown. But these trees need to be watered and fed. The feed is nothing but money. Various societies just fail to grow and die because of lack of fund. Lack of philatelic promotional activities.

I suggest that DOP should recognize various societies and start funding those. Their activities of such societies should be monitored. The societies / clubs should work in line with NGO with all their activities focused on philatelic promotion by different ways. Fund for organizing various philatelic activities such a philatelic workshops, exhibitions, printing of literature etc. only should be spent. In brief, I want to say that government should share its burden of holding various philatelic activities with the reputed and recognized societies by funding them appropriately. To say it is just like out sourcing to get better results.

Let’s hope the change is on the way……………………..

- Naresh Agrawal  Ph. 09425530514  - email :

Recent Indian Issue

8 January 2018 : Central Plantation Crops Research Institute – Rs 15 , Rs 5 + MS
25 January 2018 : India – Vietnam Joint Issue – Rs25 + Rs 5  + MS
25 January 2018 : ASEAN – India Joint Summit 2018 –RS 5 x 11 + MS
26 January 2018 – Potter’s Wheel – Rs 5 + Rs 15
17 February 2018 : India-Iran Joint Issue : Rs 5 + Rs 25 + MS
23 February 2018 : B Nagi Reddy – Rs 5
25 February 2018 :  Auroville International Township, Pondicherry - Golden Jubilee.

Recent Special Covers

27 January 2018 : Lakkundi Utsav, Lakkundi
6 February 2018 Heritage Buildd Bhawan
17 February 2018 :  Mahamastakabhishek, Sravanabelgola
23 February 2018 : Karuna NGO, Surat
23 February 2018 : Shri Satnam Sakshi , Surat
24 February 2018 : Swachh Surat
24 February 2018 : Spring Festival, Dehradun
27 February 2018 :42nd Death ammiversary of KC Reddy, Bangalore

In The News

Indian theme on foreign stamp : The Indian Cavalry, Haifa

An Indian cavalryman against the background of the Indian Cavalry battalion in the streets of lower Haifa.

Israel Post issued a stamp on 6 February 2018 featuring Indian Cavalry , Haifa. The stamp features an Indian cavalryman (Library of Congress, from photos of the American Colony in Jerusalem) against the background of the Indian Cavalry battalion in the streets of lower Haifa (Imperial War Museum). The tab features the insignia of the Indian army's Ramchi Jodphur battalion. The first day cover features a photo of the monument erected in the British Military Cemetery in Haifa in memory of the Indian soldiers who fell during WWI.
USPS announces new Forever stamps, rate

The United States Postal Service (USPS) has announced its Forever stamp offerings for the new year, including a stamp featuring the late Fred Rogers (1928 to 2003), who entertained and educated generations of children through his public television series Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood.
More notables to appear on 2018 Forever stamps include singer, songwriter and a founding member of the Beatles, John Lennon (1940 to 1980), legendary performer and civil rights activist Lena Horne (1917 to 2010), and America’s first woman in space, Sally Ride (1951 to 2012), who inspired the nation as a pioneering astronaut, brilliant physicist and dedicated educator.
Other Forever stamp offerings will include bioluminescent life, Illinois statehood, STEM education, the Peace rose, frozen treats, the Flag Act of 1818, dragons, World War I: Turning the Tide, the art of magic, birds in winter, the Year of the Dog, love flourishes, and America the Beautiful.
As well, the cost of mailing letters and packages will increase in 2018, as the Postal Regulatory Commission has approved USPS price changes to take effect January 21.
The new prices include a one-cent increase of a first-class mail Forever stamp from 49 cents to 50 cents. Postcard stamps (34 to 35 cents) and metered letters (46 to 47 cents) will also see a one-cent increase.
According to USPS, the proposed prices will raise mailing services product prices approximately 1.9 percent, and most shipping services products will average a 3.9 percent price increase. While mailing services price increases are limited based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI), shipping services prices are adjusted strategically, according to market conditions and the need to maintain affordable services for customers.
Recent Stamp Exhibitions

THAILAND 2018 is an extraordinary world stamp exhibition organized by the Philatelic Association of Thailand under the Patronage of H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn from November 28 to December 3, 2018 at the Royal Paragon Hall, Siam Paragon, Bangkok, Thailand on the auspicious occasion of the First Anniversary Celebration of H.M. King Maha Vajiralongkorn’s Royal Coronation Ceremony. The 75th Congress of the International Philatelic Federation (FIP) will also be held at THAILAND 2018.

THAILAND 2018 with a capacity of 2500 display frames is the only General World exhibition in the year 2018 with participation open in all Classes viz FIP Championship, Traditional, Postal History, Postal Stationery, Aerophilately, Astrophilately, Thematic, Maximaphily, Revenues, Youth, Literature, One Frame, Modern Philately and Open Philately.

The participation fee for Competitive Classes (except Youth Philately, Literature and One Frame) will be USD80 per frame. The fee for participation in Literature Class is USD90 per exhibit. The fee for participation in One Frame Class is USD100 per exhibit. There is no participation fee for Youth Philately Class.

Mr. Madhukar Jhingan is the National Commissioner for India.

The minimum eligibility for participation in THAILAND 2018 is winning at least a vermeil award at the National exhibition. The Exhibit Application forms and the detailed rules of exhibition (IREX) are available for download at

The duly filled Forms along with a copy of the first page of the exhibit should be submitted to the National Commissioner for India, Madhukar Jhingan, +919811160965 by March 1, 2018.

Source : Stamps of India

Commissioner for MACAO 2018 Philatelic Exhibition (FIAP)

Mr. Anil Suri has been appointed as Indian National Commissioner for the MACAO 2018, FIAP Specialized Stamp Exhibition to be held in Macao, Macau from 21 to 24 September 2018.

Exhibition Classes: Traditional, Postal History, Postal Stationery, Thematic, Youth, One Frame (TR, PH, PS, AE, AS, TH, MA & RE), Literature and Modern Philately only.

Eligibility: The minimum eligibility for participation in a FIAP exhibition for Senior Class & Youth Class (Groups B & C) is Vermeil Medal and for Youth Class (Group A) a Large Silver Medal secured at a National Exhibition.
Contact information:
Mr. Anil Suri,
Khushal Villa, E-70, Kalkaji,
NEW DELHI - 110 019.

Phone: (Res.) +91-11-2643 0813 / (Off.) +91-11-2647 4681
(M): +919811176908
Commissioner for PRAGA 2018 Philatelic Exhibition (FIP)

Mr. Rajan Jaykar has been appointed as Indian National Commissioner for the PRAGA 2018, FIP Specialized World Stamp Exhibition to be held in Prague, Czech Republic from 15 to 18 August 2018.

Exhibition Classes: Traditional, Postal History, Modern Philately (Trad. & PH), One Frame (Trad. & PH), Open Philately and Philatelic Literature Classes only.

Eligibility:  The minimum eligibility for participation in a FIP exhibition for Senior & Youth Class Groups B & C is Vermeil Medal secured at a National Exhibition and for Youth Class Group A Large Silver Medal.
Contact information:
Mr. Rajan Jayakar
Flat No. 2, Court View, 126, Maharashi Karve Road,
Churchgate, MUMBAI - 400 020.

Phone: +91-22-22820570 / +91-22-22820572
(M): +9198210 72417


2018 May 27-31: Jerusalem, Israel, ISRAEL 2018 World Stamp Championship

2018 Aug 15-18: Prague, Czech Republic, PRAGA 2018 World Stamp Exhibition

2018 Sep 21-24: Macao, MACAO 2018 35th FIAP International Stamp Exhibition
2018 Dec: THAILAND 2018 World Stamp Exhibition

PCI Meeting

The Bi-annual General Body Meeting and Elections for the New Governing Council (2018-2020) are scheduled to be held at Chennai on 29th April 2018Time : 9.30 AM - Venue : Majestic Hall, Regenta Central Deccan Hotel, Chennai.

New postmarks on animals from Germany

On 11th March 2018 a pictorial postmark   will be available in 74072 HEILBRONN. The postmark is featuring a European Wildcat (Felis Silvestris), animal of the year 2018 in Germany.

On 29th March 2018  a pictorial postmark will be available  in 60549 FRANKFURT/MAIN . The postmark is featuring a Rainbow-billed toucan(Ramphastos sulfuratus).  The postmark is for a FIRST FLIGHT from Frankfurt/Main to San Jose,Costa Rica.

Postmark on Dino from South Korea

On February 28th 2018  a postmark will be available in South Korea .
The pictorial postmark  features a SPINOSAURUS.

- Wolfgang Beyer, German Philatelic Federation (BDPh)

Doon Philatelic Diary

Raj Bhawan, Dehra Dun, Stamp Exhibition - 2018

Abhai Mishra

Annual spring festival (Basantotsav) was held at Raj Bhawan, Dehra Dun from 24th to 25th February 2018. On this occasion a small stamp exhibition was organized in the old circuit house complex. Exhibits were invited from the eminent philatelists of Dehra Dun. Children were encouraged to submit their exhibits related to flower theme in order to suite the occasion. Dr. KK Paul, Governor of Uttarakhand is himself a seasoned philatelist. His personal collection was also put on display for the general public. In order to encourage the children in the hobby of stamp collecting he constituted three awards consisting of cash prize and a citation. The citation were personally signed by the Governor and CPMG, Uttarakhand.

The exhibition was formally inaugurated by Dr. KK Paul on 24th February morning. A special cover on "Jambu" (Allium wallichii kunth) was released by the Governor on this occasion. Jambu, popularly known as Himalayan wild onion is a strong-smelling bulbous herb with flat-linear leaves and scapose inflorescence. It is found in alpine meadows (Bugyals) of Uttarakhand at 2800-4500 mts. elevation and produces a lax, hemispherical umbel of deep purple, purplish red or brilliant magenta colour flowers during the month of June to August.
Leaf decoction is applied to cure joint pains; crushed leaves are applied on cuts and wounds; leaves and corms are used to cure indigestion and constipation; corms are also used in treatment of pectoral diseases and piles and to cure cough, cold, swelling and body ache. Fresh or dried leaves (during winter) are used as important ingredient to flavour curries.

The exhibition was well received by the general public and thousands came to see it. It concluded with distribution of awards to the winning children by the Governor on 25th February evening.

Abhai Mishra - email :

Beginners’ Section

Famous stamps of the World

Inverted Swan 

The Inverted Swan is one of the most famous and unique stamps in the world, not because of its beauty, but rather because it was one of the first invert errors in the world. The Inverted Swan was issued in Perth, Australia in 1855 when a complicated process of producing these stamps through lithography was followed. However, contrary to popular belief, it is actually the frame that is inverted rather than the swan.

2. The Treskilling Yellow

The Treskilling Yellow is considered one of the most expensive postage stamps in the world due to the fact it should be printed in a blue-green colour with the three-skilling print, but it was actually printed in yellow. This Swedish misprinted stamp issued in 1855 is believed to be the only surviving copy to exist. The stamp has been sold more than once, each time climbing with value.

Specialized Section

Butterfield Overland Mail 

Col J Dutta & Dr Anjali Dutta

The Butterfield Overland Mail Trail was a stagecoach service in the United States, operating from 1857 to 1861. It carried passengers and U.S. Mail from two eastern termini, Memphis, Tennessee and St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco, California. The routes from each eastern terminus met at Fort Smith, Arkansas, and then continued through Indian Territory, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Baja California, and California ending in San Francisco. On March 3, 1857, Congress under James Buchanan authorized the U.S. postmaster general, Aaron Brown, to contract for delivery of the U.S. mail from Saint Louis to San Francisco. Prior to this, U.S. Mail bound for the Far West had been transported by ship across the Gulf of Mexico to Panama, where it was freighted across the isthmus to the Pacific, then taken by ship for points in California.

Aaron Brown, Postmaster General, March 1857 – March 1859

The first U.S. Mail traveled to California by steamship, via the Isthmus of Panama, in 1848. The ocean routes via Panama remained a vital link in the nation’s mail system until the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869.

Through the 1840s and 1850s there was a desire for better communication between the east and west coasts of the US. Though there were several proposals for railroads connecting the two coasts, a more immediate realization was an overland mail route across the west. Congress authorized the Postmaster General to contract for mail service from Missouri to California to facilitate settlement in the west. The Post Office Department advertised for bids for an overland mail service on April 20, 1857. Bidders were to propose routes from the Mississippi River westward.

John W. Butterfield and his associates William B. Dinsmore, William G. Fargo, James V. P. Gardner, Marcus L. Kinyon, Alexander Holland, and Hamilton Spencer created a proposal for a southern route from St. Louis to California. The Post Office Department received nine bids. The Postmaster General, Brown, was from Tennessee and favored a southern route. Although none of the bidders had provided for the route, the Postmaster General advocated a southerly route, known as the Oxbow Route, with the idea that it could remain in operation during the Winter.

"from St. Louis, Missouri, and from Memphis Tennessee, converging at Little Rock, Arkansas; thence, via Preston, Texas, or as nearly so as may be found advisable, to the best point of crossing the Rio Grande, above El Paso and not far from Fort Fillmore; thence along the new road being opened and constructed under direction of the Secretary of the Interior, to Fort Yuma, California; thence, through the best passes and along the best valleys for safe and expeditious staging, to San Francisco." 

This route was 600 miles (970 km) longer than the central and northern routes through Denver, Colorado and Salt Lake City, Utah, but was snow free. The bid and route was awarded to Butterfield and his associates, for semi-weekly mail at $600,000 per year. At that time it was the largest land-mail contract ever awarded in the US.

Photograph of John W. Butterfield, founder of the Butterfield Overland Mail Express which remained in operation from 1857 to 1861.

James E. Birch’s San Antonio & San Diego mail line began operating in August 1857. The following month, the U.S. Post Office Department awarded to John W. Butterfield a $600,000 per year contract to carry the mail from Missouri to San Francisco, with service to begin in September 1858. The first Butterfield Concord mail coach rumbled into San Francisco on October 10, 1858, having departed Missouri twenty-four days earlier.The contract with the U.S. Post Office, which went into effect on September 16, 1858, identified the route and divided it into eastern and western divisions. Franklin, Texas

later to be named El Paso was the dividing point and these two were subdivided into minor divisions, five in the East and four in the West. These minor divisions were numbered west to east from San Francisco, each under the direction of a superintendent.

Butterfield Overland Mail Company map

In March 1861, before the American Civil War had actually begun at Fort Sumter, the US Government formally revoked the contract of the Butterfield Overland Stagecoach Company in anticipation of the coming conflict. An Act of Congress, approved March 2, 1861, discontinued this route and service ceased June 30, 1861. On the same date the central route from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Placerville, California, went into effect. This new route was called the Central Overland California Route.

Cover carried by the Overland Mail

Cover carried by the Overland Mail

Overland mail commemorative stamp
issued by the U.S. Post Office,
100th Anniversary, October 10, 1958

Unsolicited stamp design submitted by the California Overland Mail Centennials Committee 

Butterfield Overland Mail Company book 

-       Col J Dutta & Dr Anjali Dutta - email :


( Pigeon Mail : The First Air Mail Of The World )

- Naresh Agrawal

Contd. from the last….



Indian Airmail Society issued WWII pigeongrams to commemorate and to give tribute for the bravery, contribution and outstanding role of carrier pigeons  in saving thousands of lives and to send important mails and missives in record time under stringent and life warning conditions of WWI and WWII. Though there were several pigeons belonging to different countries who had their commendable contribution but there are some prominent names such as Cher Ami, Paddy, G.I.Joe  etc.  and were awarded for their commendable services.


14th Oct. 1940 Pigeongram carried by pigeon named Nur Jehan  from Burdhwan to Calcutta. The envelope carries a half anna stamp on it with Calcutta cancellation. It shows  possibly olive tree with Pigeons flying. The reverse side carries signature of Stephen Smith, the secretary of Indian Airmail Society that time or rather father of  Rocket Mail in India. The envelope also has a box shaped slogan cancellation on it which states "BUY DEFENCE SAVINGS CERTIFICATES". 

               The patriotic message is also written on the pigeongram urging everyone to be united and contribute as much possible to help win the war:

RAJA   :


14th Oct. 1940 Pigeongram cover with message inside carried by pigeon RAJA                                   from Burdwan to Calcutta  signed by Steph on reverse en Smith


14th Oct. 1940 Pigeongram cover with message inside carried by pigeon TOMMY                                    from Burdwan to Calcutta  signed by Steph on reverse en Smith


During the WWI, in 1941 Vice-Admiral Sir Herbert Fitz-Herbert, Flag Officer Commanding, Royal Indian Navy established a ‘Pigeon Mail Service’ in India. Lieutenant Commander Boman Kaikashrov Shroff, a pigeon fancier of Bombay and Officer-in-Charge, Naval Carrier Pigeons, initiated the Mail Service from Lion Gate, Bombay

The First Pigeons Flight of Royal Indian Navy was performed on 6th April 1941 to raise funds for the British Navy when about 250  nos. Homing Pigeons in Bombay Presidency were flown from Kalyan to Bombay, a distance of about 30 miles. Each bird carried eight slips of ‘Messages’.Each cover contained pigeongram franked with George V 1a 3p stamp with SERVICE overprint tied by magenta "Kalyan/First Pigeon Missive/6 Apr 1941" date stamp. Also shows, ‘1230P.M./ 6 APR. 41 DELIVERY/ POST BY AIR AND SAVE TIME/ BOMBAY G.P.O.’ boxed delivery postmark.

The Message



16.06.1963, PIGEONGRAM: First official pigeongram signed and flown by Prof. Hamayun Kabir, Union Minister for Scientific Research and Cultural Afffairs from Birla Industrial and Technological Museum,Calcutta on occasion of the  inauguration of the gallery on Communication.


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125 Missives were carried by Homing Pigeons of Calcutta Racing Pigeons Club from Raj Bhawan to Amhrest street Post Office in Calcutta on 6th December, 1974 to commemorate Aeropex 74. The pigeongrams were numbered.


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Hydrabad Philatelic And Hobbies Society organized Pigeon Post on  14th Jan 1977 on the occasion of APPEX 77.As many as 500 small pigeiongrams were issued  which were numbered too franked with 2Rs with special Appex 77 cancel. Message was put  inside.


On 06.04.198, 250 Missives were carried by Homing pigeons  of Calcutta Racing Pigeion Club from Great Eastern Hotel to Sarat Bose Road, Calcutta to Commemorate LEOPEX 81. The reverse shows a man relieving the pigeon with missives

 Pigeongram issued during APPEX 84  by Hydrabad Philatelic And Hobbies Society  on   07.10.1984. The stamp affixed  had pictorial cancellation showing Nagarjuna Museum

Hyderabad 1987 small thin special Pigeongram cover issued by The Hyderabad Philatelic and Numismatic Society  on SILVER JUBLIEE PIGEONGRAM franked with 60p with special  cancel dated 27.2.87. Showing BIRD at left. Delivered on 28.02.1987


On 03.11.1989 during ORPEX-89, a regional Philatelic Exhibition at Cuttack , a pigeon mail service was organized with pigeon carried messages from Barabati Stadium to Cuttack G.P.O.
Postal stamps commemorating pigeon post  was also issued on the same  day and first day cover was released.

The postal stamp commemorating the first ‘Pigeon Post’ organised by the "Royal Indian Navy" in 1941(issued on 3rd. November, 1989). India - FDC -pigeon post madras-1989

 India 1989 Pigeon Post Cancelled Folder
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To be contd….



India’s Ist UNESCO World Heritage City (Part 2)

Contd. From the last….

Dariakhan's Tomb

Dariakhans tomb, popularly known as Ghummat, is entirely built with bricks having tapering walls of nine feet width. It has arches and domes. Its central dome is said to be the largest of its kind in Gujarat, having excellent monumental value.


Saint Shekh Ahmed KhattuGanjbaksh, the preceptor of Sultan Ahmed Shah belonged to Sarkhej. When he passed away, Sultan Muhammad Shah started building his Roja in 1446 and Sultan Qutbuddin completed it in 1451. The mosque was also built during that time. Sultan Muhammad Begda liked this place very much. He made his Shrine just opposite to Ahmed KhattusRoja and had constructed a lake beside it. He built palaces for self and his family on the south east of the lake. The pillars of those palaces still exist. Saint Ahmed KhattusRoja is considered as the biggest Roja in Gujarat. The brass engraving of the Roja is worth seeing. There is an open pavilion with 16 pillars in Hindu style just opposite to the Roja. There is an inscription on the main Roja which states : The whole world respects this saint.
Great architect Le Corbusier compared Sarkhej Roja complex to the Acropolis.

Shah Alam Roja

Muhammad Begada had very close relation with Hazart Shah Alam, son of Qutub-ul-Alam, the Pir of Vatva. Shah Alam married to BibiMushki, daughter of the Jam of Sindh. His Rojawas constructed by TajakhanNarpali in 1475. This area is now known as Shah Alam.

It is a very big complex. There are seven tombs in the south of Roja. These tombs are of Shah AlamSaheb’s sons and grandsons. There is a small tomb of a parrot. Shah-AlamUrs, a fair, is held here in Islamic month of Jamadi-ul-Akhar.

Kankaria Lake

Kankaria - the attraction of Ahmedabad, is a historical lake. According to history, KarnadevSolanki had built a lake called KarnaSagar in Karnavati later became Kankaria. A large quantity of pebbles (Kankario) was observed while constructing the lake and so it was named as Kankaria. It is believed that it was renovated by Sultan Qutbuddin in 1451 in the presence of his father. Sultan Qutbuddin must have named it as Hauz-e-Qutb.
Kankarialake covers about 76-acre land. It has 34 equal sides of 190 feet size each. This Lake is regarded as one of the biggest town lakes in the country. In the middle of the lake, there is Naginawadi. It is well linked with the bank of the lake with a bridge. The culvert and duct provided in the lake are the best specimens of Hindu workmanship.
At present, the surrounding of this lake is developed very efficiently under Kankaria Lakefront Development Project.

The Three Gates (Teen Darwaja)

Three Gates is a royal entrance to the city, popularly known as Teen Darwaja. The middle arch is 17.5 feet wide that even the municipal bus can easily pass through it. Arches on both the sides are 13 feet wide. At present, people use it as one way. Its height is 25 feets. There are small arches through which one can go from one gate to the other. On the east and west of the middle gate there are small recesses with carvings and also small towers with carvings as we find them in the mosque. There is a terrace over it. On both the sides, there are three balconies. There was a roof over the gates formerly, which was removed in 1877. At present, the terrace is open.

Fort-Wall and Gates (Darwajas)

The Royal residence, the fort of Bhadra had eight gates. In order to maintain safety, Muhammad Begada had constructed a wall around the city in 1486. The young generation of our times will not have the idea about it because the wall is damaged and it has vanished at certain places. The original fort had 12 Gates, namely Ganeshbari, Raikhad, Astodia, Jamalpur, Khanjahan, Raipur, Sarangpur, Kalupur, Dariapur, Delhi, Shahpur, and KhanpurDarwajas. Besides these, the three gates - Teen Darwaja near Karanj in the middle of the city is worth mentioning.
The ShahpurDarwaja is demolished as it obstructed the development of the city. The fort had small window-doors besides the gates. Even today, such window-doors are seen on both the sides of Delhi Darwaja. There was a window-door between Shahpur and Delhi Darwaja known as Halim-ni-Khidki. In the same way, there was a small door called Mahudha between Astodia and JamalpurDarwaja. The fort was destroyed in the floods of 1755. The British army destroyed the fort wall near RaikhadDarwaja in 1780. Collector Bordel repaired the fort in 1832. After that, the authorities removed the portions of the Fort-wall at many places to add to the public facility. Now we can see rows of shops in place of the fort-wall from KalupurDarwaja to Delhi Darwaja via DariyapurDarwaja. There is a row of shops known as Kot-ni-rang from Sarangpur to Raipur Darwaja. With the advent of Railway, two more gates were added to make provision for entrance. These two gates are PremDarwaja (1864) and PanchkuwaDarwaja (1868). Thus the numbers of gates in the city are 16.The fort-wall around the city is five miles long. There were 169 Burjs in it. Each Burj was 15 feet tall and 5 feet wide. There were holes in these towers and the fort had a border at the top.

Azamkhan's Palace

A big structure in the east of Bhadra fort, beside Bhadrakali temple is known as Azamkhan’s Palace. Azamkhan was governor in 1635, during the Mughal period who built this palace in 1637. Its main gate has Iranian style. Because of the vast compound and the grand gateway, this building appears to be unique.The military officials used to stay here during Maratha period. During British period, it was converted into prison. At present, it is used as court-building and department of Government publication. Before the main building of Ahmedabad’s present GPO constructed and inaugurated in 1931, the GPO was functioning at Azamkhan’s Palace. The unconfirmed year is marked as 1890.

Shahibaug Palace – Motishahi Mahal

(Courtesy: Mainak Kathiara)

The palace situated in Shahibaug and popularly known as Shahibaug Palace is in factMotishahiMahal. During the time of Shah Jahan in 1621-22, severe famine was observed here. He built this MotishahiMahel with a view to provide livelihood to the people suffering from scarcity during the famine.
It is said that Badshah Shah Jahan was to take royal visit to the palace. Badshah was on the elephants back but the arch of the entrance was low. So he could not enter the palace and turned his back on it. The Badshah did not spend a single day or entered into the palace, which he had constructed.
When Ahmedabad became capital of Gujarat, this historical building began to be used as the official residence, Rajbhavan of the Governor. At present MotishahiMahel is used as SardarVallabhbhai Patel National Memorial Museum.

Pol Architecture and Culture

The walled city of Ahmedabad is very famous for its pol architecture and culture.It is characterised by an urban pattern, consist of three scales of community based settlement: the neighbourhood 'Pur', the sub neighbourhood 'Pol' and a house. Pol houses are considered as a primary housing typology built for more than 300 years in the city of Ahmadabad. The pol settlement pattern has a rural origin prevalent in the villages of North Gujarat.

Ahmadabad has a rich heritage of settlement patterns in its historic old town, which was populated by a large merchant community in various community settlements following different religions. Following the communal riots of 1714 and the civil disorder of the 18th century, the houses built in the city were organised in dense clusters consisting of a set of dead end streets entered through a single gateway. The residents of each cluster tended to belong to not only the same religion but also the same caste, or occupation group. The gate into each cluster could be closed. These clusters are called 'Pol'.

A combination of several of such settlements Pol formed a neighbourhood, and these neighbourhoods again constituted the entire fortified historic city. These neighbourhoods have their own urban structure which is self-sufficient for the communities, where each 'Pol' is also a self-sufficient unit. As the individual Pol is an entity by itself, the neighbourhood is also an entity at a larger scale. So the progression goes further, which gives the city an urban pattern consisting of these neighbourhoods that downscale to a house.

Each Pol was socially and architecturally homogenous and provided a territory for the interaction, co-operation and interdependence. This enhanced the formation of a cohesive and self-sustaining community whose physical boundaries were set by the day-to-day interactions of its inhabitants. Some Pols were also places of work, where artisans sold their wares on the thoroughfares outside of the pols.

Each pol was protected by a gateway closed at night as a safeguard against thieves. Inside is one main street, with crooked lanes branching on either side. Most vary in size from five or ten to fifty or sixty houses. One of them, the Mandvi pol in the Jamalpur area of Ahmedabad, is much larger than the rest and includes several smaller pols, with an area of about fifty acres and a population of thousands. Pols are almost entirely inhabited by Hindus, in some cases by a settlement of families belonging to one caste, and in others by families of several of the higher castes, Brahmins, Vanias, Suthars, and Kanbis.
These Pols are very famous for its Navratri festival and Kite festival.

Heritage Walk of Ahmedabad

The 600 years old city of Ahmedabad (1411 A.D) has some of the finest Indian-Islamic monuments and exquisite Hindu and Jain temples. Its carved wooden houses are another unique architectural tradition. To experience the glory of Ahmedabad it is necessary to walk through the 'Walled City' and truly observe the nature of its rich and varied architecture, its art, religious places, its culture and traditions.

With the purpose of unveiling this aspect of the city to the tourists and the citizens themselves The Heritage Walk of Ahmedabad was launched by the Amdavad Municipal Corporation (AMC) in association with CRUTA Foundation, an NGO, on 19th November 1997, during World Heritage Week.

A special feature of Ahmedabad is the plan of the old city, comprising numerous 'Pols', self-contained neighborhoods, sheltering large numbers of people. Some of these 'Pols' are virtually small villages, traversed by narrow lanes, usually terminating in squares (Chowks) comprising 'Community Well' and 'Chabutro' (for feeding birds). These 'Pols' were protected by gates, cul-de-sacs and secret passages. These historic residential settlements are explained in detail during the walk.

The walk commences from the early 19th century Swaminarayan temple Kalupur, encompasses 20 main spots besides numerous areas and aspects of the old city and concludes at the famous 15th century Jama Masjid. Hence the Walk is popularly known as the journey of 'Mandir to Masjid'.

Swaminarayan Temple, KalupurJama Masjid

The Walk, initiated more than one and a half decades ago, the first one of its kind by an Urban Local Body (ULB), has been continuing its journey with an unbroken record of 15 years and has lived up to its purpose of reviving the old city through rediscovery. The Ahmedabad model of Heritage Walk is being replicated in many other historic cities and towns of India like Jaipur, Amritsar, Lucknow etc. to conserve heritage and promote tourism.

Heritage walk route in City of Ahmedabad

Acknowledgments: This philatelic article is prepared using information available at following web sites for the purpose of distribution of knowledge with no commercial motive;

The author thankfully acknowledges all source of information. All images are from Google images. All philatelic illustrations are from author’s collection. The author is also thankful to Mainak Kathiara, Ahmedabad for providing useful images for this write up from his collection.

: Ilyas Patel - email :

India’s Postal History from the Feudal Era to Independence, 1947

Part 3a- Postal system between 1774-1837

Postal system between 1774-1837

            Warren Hastings, the first governor of Fort Williams, re-organised the postal system for both public and private. In his minutes datedJanuary 7, 1774, Hastings drew up an elaborate scheme for the betterment of the postal system to take effect on April 1, 1774. On March 31, 1774, the General Post Office(GPO) inCalcutta(initially known as the Fort Williams GPO), was established.The Post Office was opened for delivery between 10 am to 1pm and for receipt of letters from 6 pm to 9 pm. Postal services opened for the public with the appointment of the first Post Master General(PMG). General public could send letters weighing upto ½ tola with a charge of twoannas(1/8 of a Rupee) for every 100 miles(160 kms). This postal system was introduced as a public utility service with “No Profit and No Loss” basis. At least the operational cost must be recovered from the postage charges. In 1781,  second postal reforms were brought.

As per the Bye law rules of 1774, rule No. 9, a small copper tickets of 1 and 2 Annas in value were introduced as a token of prepayment of postage.The copper tickets were struck atAzimabadMint (Patna Mint). This system of copper ticketwas withdrawn on September 14, 1784.


Handstruck Postal Mark

Because due absence of postage stamps, letters were hand stamped at the booking office.  This method continued until 1854 when postage stamps were introduced in India in 1854.  Letters were either post paid in advance by the sender post marked as “POST PAID”, or were marked ‘UNPAID,’ or ‘BEARING,’ which required the receiver of the letter to pay for the postage. Officials with the East India Company were allowed to mail free of cost and marked as ‘POST FREE.’  The earliest known hand stamp was issued in 1775, and known as the Bishop Mark of India. 

            This letter, with the Bishop Mark used on the stamp of two rupees, was sent from Calcutta to Dacca in February, 1775, stamped ’Calcutta post paid’ This letter is unique as it bears the earliest ‘Indian Bishop Mark’ known.

Till early 1800's, mostly  the post marks had words of city of booking or type of postage paid andsometimes both.

Aroundthe year 1805, the handstruck marks had both the city of booking and the type of postage paid. Date of booking was commonly not used.


Parcel Service
            As the system became more sophisticated, the ‘Bhangy Post’ was used to carry heavy dispatches, packets or parcels. Parcel Post(bhangy Post) is an old and traditional way of carrying heavy objects. The  bamboo stick being strong and flexible is considered to be the best for carrying load. The bamboo stick is called “Bank” or “Banke” in Bengali. The carrier balances the ‘Bank” on his shoulder with weights slung at each end.

As per the order dated 10th April 1781 of Bengal Presidency, each bhangy conveyance weight was limited to 750 sicca or 18 lbs(12 oz).  A public notice on 20th November 1784, published that any letter exceeding 9.5 x 4 inches should be conveyed through bhangy operating on mondays and thursdays in each week. By the notification of 10th July 1809, all overseas letter weighing  above eight sicca shall be carried by bhangy. Inland letter weighing above 25  sicca to be sent by bhangy. All parcels and packages(both overseas and inland) irrespective of their weight shall be conveyed through bhangy.

Madras Presidency introduced the parcel service in 1833 from Madras to Calcutta, Cannanore, to Nilgiris and to Trichy. The word “Bhangy” is a hindi language word and in South India its called "Cowdi”.

       Bhangy Mail

Bombay Presidencyestablished  the Bhangy service in 1825 between Bombay and Poona. Due to increase in parcel mails, between Bombay to Poona, a Bullock Cart parcel service was introduced in 1830 between Panvel to Poona for the first time in India. The parcel from Bombay island was carried to Panvel by small boats.

Bullock Cart

Postage Payment

In 1774, when postal service was introduced in India, there were different currencies used by various parts of the country depending upon the kingdoms in place. Payment against postage would have been a difficulty with multiple currencies. Payment  towards postage depended upon weight, distance and currency. Weights and measures varied from territory to territory.

n  Weight in TOLA’s was common all over India.
n  Distance in English measurement i.e. kms and miles was getting standardised.
n  Accounts of Bengal Presidency were keptin Rupees, Anna, piece. In Madras Presidency the currency used was in Pagodas, Fanams and Cash.  Bombay Presidency used the Rupees and Reis.
By 1818, Rupee, Annas, Piece currency became standard all over India. This facilitated the postage payment in Annas all over India. The coinage  act of 1835 brought  uniformity officially in currency all over India.

The work of post office was facing difficulties for the need of currency change to be given to the people coming to post letters. On 1st October 1809, the Calcutta Post Office stopped giving currency change and started to accept change. Also, a separate treasury counter outside the Post Office was established where people can get change by exchanging Rupee into Pice. This system was affective from the same month 15th October 1809. The Post Office was opened for delivery between 10 am to 1pm and for Receipt of letters from 3 pm to 6 pm.

Route Development
            With the firm establishment of three presidencies, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras, the cities Calcutta, Bombay and Madras became the headquarters for each  of the presidencies and the need for systematic communication between them was required.

·         In a recording of public consultations on 16th January 1775, a need was felt for a regular communication between Madras and Bombay. In 1785, government decided to arrange a weekly post between Madras to Bombay.The normal route would have been Madras to Anjengo by land and from Anjengo to Bombay by sea. The sea route between Anjengo and Bombay  becomes hazardous during monsoon disrupting communication. The overland route from Bombay, Poona, Cuddpah and Madras was dangerous at that time since it passed through Tipu Sultan territory. Therefore, the safer route was between Bombay to Madras via Poona, Hyderabad, Ongole.At Ongole, postal runners from Madras and Bombay met to exchange mail, and return back.
·         For long, mails were carried between Calcutta to Madras via Ganjam which was incidentally passing through Masulipatnam. As per Calcutta Gazette notification on September 8, 1789, a weekly route was opened between Bombay and Calcutta, via Masulipatnam and Poona.Masulipatnam became the transit point for mails for the presidencies of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. Runners from each presidency went uptoMasulipatnamto exchange mails of other presidencies. From Masulipatnam, mail to Calcutta was carried via Ganjam, mail to Bombay was carried via Hyderabad and mail to Madras directly.
·         By around 1801, new road from Calcutta to Patna and Benaras was operative.
·         From the beginning of East India Company, regular communication between Bombay and  Suratexisted by sea. As per the advertisement in “Bombay Courier” on 8th July 1796 a twice weekly land communication between Bombay and Surat was established. This route was extended to Baroda with twice weekly from 29 June 1802.

·         After the fall of Tipu Sultan and his kingdom in 1799, efforts were made to establish Imperial Postal system in the state of Mysore resulting in establishment of Imperial Post office in Bangalore in 1800 which was elevated as Head Post office in 1854. On May 8, 1804, the Bombay to Madras route, via Poona, Dharwar, Bangalore, and Vellore was opened.
·         From 1820’s, Bombay was connected to Calcutta via Nagpur.
Postal services in smaller towns

            The Imperial Postal services mainly connected the main towns only. The postal services to smaller town originates from Bengal after the Police Regulation Act of 7th December 1792 which created a separate organisation for judicial powers(police) and zamindars were only responsible for revenue collection. Earlier, Zamindars were responsible for both law & Order and revenue collection.

            History : During Mughal era, Zamindars were responsible for Revenue collection and maintaining law and order(within the territory under their jurisdiction). This dual responsibility encouraged corruption. The Police Regulation act of 7th December 1792 created separate police organisation entrusted with the responsibility of  “Law and order”. This left the zamindars with the sole responsibility of revenue collection. This reform brought the establishment of police stations(thanas).

The zamindars or landlords from Bengal were employing postal runners for conveying official letters from local Police stations to district headquarters. This system was known as "Police Dawk" as it was restricted to police correspondence in Bengal. This mailing system in Bengal became well-established and later known as  "Zamindari Dawk" administered  by district authorities. Later such post offices were opened at various places like public offices and came to be known as “District Post”. The constables,and guards, were responsible to deliver mail, which meant additional work for them. This system of serving the smaller town officially recognised in the postal reforms 1854 with a set of separate rules independent of Imperial Postal system.

The East India Company realised the benefits of having a separate postal system for connecting small towns maintained privately and managed by local administration. Such a system was economical.
To be Contd…. Part 3b in the next issue…

: Swamynathan R - email :

In Memory of Dr Satyendra Agrawal….

Rose Philately

The rose has captured and mended hearts for centuries and been celebrated widely in literature, music and art. A perennial member of the genus Rosa, from the Rosaceae or Rose family, there are more than 100 species of roses that grow on shrubs or climbing and trailing vines. Their stems are often armed with sharp prickles – mistakenly called thorns.

The above stamp issued by Canada Post  on 23 April 2014, features  the velvety red hybrid tea rose, 'Konrad Henkel,' and 'Maid of Honour,' a creamy white hybrid tea with warm gold undertones. Also, a peachy-pink grandiflora 'Rainbow Sorbet' graces the front of the Official First Day Cover.
Designer Isabelle Toussaint photographed these blooms at the Montréal Botanical Garden. “I initially took several pictures reflecting two colours of flowers – classic red and white. But the choice was so vast that I also took dozens of pictures of other varieties, each one more beautiful than the last. Some have been used for the cover and inside the booklet, and on the Official First Day Cover and the souvenir sheet.”
Peace Rose

The US Postal Service will issue a postage stamp on Peace Rose this year. Peace Rose celebrates one of the most popular roses of all time. The peace rose revolutionized hybrid tea roses with its unique coloring, hardiness, and disease resistance.

Wedding Roses

The USPS issued a Wedding Roses commemorative stamp (Forever® priced at 44 cents) in the year 2011. The stamp, designed by Ethel Kessler, Bethesda, Maryland, features two white roses gently resting atop a piece of wedding correspondence. A white ribbon is visible in the background.

Editor’s Mail Box

Dear Jeevan Jyothiji

Good Day.  Just glanced at your emagazine as always happy to inform you that you bring out good articles in each magazine.  I am great fan of the articles of Naresh Agarwalji, Bayanwallaji, Ilyas Patelji , col ji etc .  This time I just went through before my lecture at school today.

I fully appreciate that they have requested to look into FDC and Special Cover collection because here also at the district level a few years back the judges over looked the stationery aspect and only judged stamps and I even had a debate with them.  None of the children who participated for the first time were encouraged instead people who crossed nationals and came back to district were given prizes more so in one case both junior and senior category was won by one girl and the chief guest asked her on stage while giving the prize how she participated in two categories.

If you see Tulunadupex results one lady has taken two prizes in the same category.  It is high time that more thoughts are given to stationery more so simple collection which fall under frugal phialtely.  I am happy to read about social and frugal philately.  FDC classfied under CTO then why bring out FDC even an FDC can be displayed creatively .  There is so much in it to study.

Please keep up the good work and highlight issues so we will move forward.  Good luck in your endeavours will go through in detail after I come back from the classes in school today which is a voluntary service.  I am going to highlight  and encourage children to begin with permanent pictorial cancellation of the states to know their country as stamps have become too expensive and vast to collect.

Best wishes and regards,

Vidya K Baglodi, Mangalore

New issues from other Countries


6 February 2018 :  With Love

These charming stamps, the latest in Australia Post’s ongoing Special Occasions series, are designed to send love, affection or greetings to nearest and dearest, whether they be friends, family or that special sweetheart.


$1 Bird - This delightful bird features love-hearts emblazoned on its chest.

$2 Flower - This bright and cheerful flower is a modern and graphic take on the floral theme. The multi-coloured petals complement the bird design on the $1 stamp.


9 March 2018 : Europa 2018 Bridges and Causeways
8 February 2018 : International Dog Show

The next International Dog Show, organised by the Canine Society of Monaco under the presidency of Baroness Elizabeth-Ann de Massy, will take place on 5 and 6 May 2018. This "special stamp”  is devoted to the German Spitz. 
21 February 2018 : Europa 2018

- Ananthapuri Stamp Bulletin January & February issue 2018 edited by Mohanchandran Nair

- Judaica Thematic Society (UK) February & March  2018  Newsletter edited by Gary Goodman

-Vadophil January 2018 issue edited by Prashant Pandya & Timir Shah

-The Hyderabad Philatelist Jan & Feb 2018 issues  edited by Prakash Agarwal

-The Hyderabad Hobby Magazine Jan & Feb 2018 issues edited by Prakash Agarwal

Blogs & Websites

Philatelic Clubs & Societies 

Ananthapuri Philatelic Association, Thiruvanthapuram
Baroda Philatelic Society -
Chandigarh Philatelic Club
Deccan Philatelic Society – Pune, Maharashtra
Eastern India Philatelists’ Association -   
India Study Circle -
Indian Stamp Ghar -
Indian Thematic Society, Ludhiana -
Ludhiana Philatelic Club
Numismatic & Philatelic Association of Vellore Fort
Philatelic Congress of India -
Philatelic Society of Rajasthan, Jaipur
Philatelic Society of India , Mumbai :
Orissa Philatelic Association, Mail id-:
Rajkot Philatelic Society – Rajkot, Gujarat
Gujarat Philatelic Association - Ahmedabad
South India Philatelists Association -
The Army Philatelic Society, Pune


This is a blog of e-stamp Club . The idea of this blog is to extend philatelic fraternity in all corners of the world. Readers may write about themselves with their collecting interests and share new ideas with other philatelists.  New Post on recent issues, news on stamp activities and Contribution by members are published every day on this blog. Readers may also express their views on any philatelic matter which will be published under Club News at Rainbow Stamp Cub Blog. Philatelic Clubs and Societies may also send brief write ups. Readers may send reports on new issues, special covers, cancellations & philatelic activities of their area for inclusion in this Blog. - Editor

Current Philatelic Magazines – Newsletters
VADOPHIL, Editor - Prashant Pandya & Timir Shah  and published by Baroda Philatelic Society, Vadodara. Website -

ITS Stamp News - Quarterly - Editor: Suraj Jaitly Publisher: Indian Thematic Society website -

Ananthpuri Stamp Bulletin - Monthly e -stamp bulletin of Anathapuri Philatelic Association, Thiruvanthapuram

Journal of the Army Philatelic Society : Editor – Col Jayanta Dutta

India Post – Quarterly Journal of the India Study Circle publishes original articles submitted by members of ISC.

 Deccan Philatelist from Deccan Philatelic Socity, Pune.  edited by Col Jayanta Dutta

Courtesy - News and Image Resource to this issue :   Indian Philately Digest ,  Stamps of India ;  WOPA , Suresh R.- Bangalore, Canadian Stamp News, Linn’s Stamp News,Sudhir Jain, Satna (MP), Abhai Mishra- Dehradun, Eli Moallem, Israel

Address for communication :

Jeevan Jyoti,  c / o Mr. Ajay Srivastav Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun – 248002. India  
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*  Last date for receiving write ups – 25th of every month. Kindly send images in jpg compressed format & text in MS Word only.  
*  If you liked this issue please forward it to your friends and help in promoting philately.

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Any material from this newsletter may be reproduced only with the written permission from the editor. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                …..Happy Collecting…………………………………………………………………………………            

Rainbow Stamp News is edited and published monthly by Jeevan Jyoti from Dehradun, ( Uttarakhand ) India for free circulation among philatelists.

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Participated in different philatelic exhibitions Wrote for philately column in The Pioneer and worked as sub-editor for U-Phil Times published from United Philatelists, Kanpur.Did Schooling from Kanpur Vidya Mandir and Post Graduation in Botany from A.N.D. College Kanpur.


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